Causes of Diarrhea and vomiting

Causes of Diarrhea and vomiting

Causes of Diarrhea and vomiting in Children’s

This is the main causes of Diarrhea and vomiting are the main issues of these days. First of all, let’s define this concept.  Diarrhea in medicine is called the condition when a person performs an act of defecation or emptying the intestines too often. Of course, frequent bowel movements are an inaccurate criterion, so it should be clarified. A person who normally eats and consumes a normal amount of water should empty the intestines from 1 time in 2 days to 2 times per day. If defecation occurs more often than twice a day. Then this condition can be considered one of the causes of Diarrhea and vomiting characteristic signs of diarrhea.

The second determining factor is the consistency of the chair. Normal human excrement is cylindrical and sufficiently solid. In diarrhea, the type of stool is always different from the usual – it is a semi-liquid, liquid or mushy mass, or even just water. If these symptoms of diarrhea – frequent urge to the stool and loose stools last more than two weeks without a break, then diarrhea is considered acute. Otherwise, it should be classified as chronic.

Generally speaking, diarrhea can be a symptom of many diseases. However, by the mere fact of the onset of diarrhea, this disease cannot be determined. Other symptoms play a huge role. It is extremely rare to find a case where diarrhea occurs against the background of complete health and is not accompanied by other characteristic signs.

What is diarrhea:

About 500 thousand children under the age of five die of diarrhea every year? By itself, as a phenomenon. Diarrhea is not as dangerous as its effects: if it lasts for several days, during this time a significant amount of water and salts needed by the person will be removed from the body. Therefore, the cause of death in diarrhea is dehydration, and, as an option, the development of sepsis during bacterial infection. causes of Diarrhea and vomiting is a liquid or unformed stool, which is repeated more than three times a day. The disease occurs during infection of the intestinal tract – parasitic, bacterial and viral. The source of infection is poorly cleaned food, untreated drinking water or a sick person. Diarrhea is of three types:

Acute diarrhea of watery type lasts from several hours to several days and can be a symptom of cholera; acute diarrhea with blood clots may be a sign of dysentery;

Persistent type diarrhea that lasts more than two weeks. Diarrhea is a frequent guest in countries with low sanitary levels and lack of clean drinking water. The most common pathogens causes of Diarrhea and vomiting of this disease in such regions are rotavirus infections, shigellosis (caused by the Shigella bacterium) and E. coli (Escherichia coli).

The main symptoms, often accompanying diarrhea:

  • Elevated temperature;
  • Weakness;
  • Nausea;
  • Flatulence, flatulence ;
  • Pain in the lower or upper abdomen.

You should also pay attention to such a characteristic of diarrhea, as the consistency of the chair. Mushy, liquid, watery diarrhea can indicate various gastrointestinal diseases. Also, with diarrhea, there may be some additional discharge – blood, mucus, pieces of undigested food. What matters is the color of discharge, their volume is abundant or scanty, and the smell is offensive or not.

Some Main symptoms of diarrhea:

Symptoms of diarrhea can vary depending on the severity of the disease that caused the bowel disorder. The state of health at the time of the disease and other factors. The combination of various symptoms is also purely individual: in some people with diarrhea. Bloating is accompanied by severe pain, in others, diarrhea causes only a feeling of a quite understandable discomfort. Listed below are some signs of causes of Diarrhea and vomiting or diarrhea, characteristic of almost any pathology that causes or is accompanied by diarrhea. 

Frequent urge to go to the toilet. The need for frequent bowel movement arises due to the disorder of its functions, motility disorders and the ability to absorb nutrients from food. This symptom of diarrhea is accompanied by bloating, severe flatulence.

1.Loose stools.

This is one of the main symptoms of diarrhea, consisting of high water content in the composition of fecal masses. In diarrhea, the function of absorption of the intestinal wall of the fluid is impaired. There is an overabundance in the body, causes of Diarrhea and vomiting which leads to liquid stools. In some cases, there may be a feeling of water flowing in the intestine, diarrhea in this case, as a rule, watery, with very frequent urge to empty the bowel.

2.Abdominal pain with diarrhea.

Manifest with varying degrees of intensity (from dull aching to acute spasmodic). The pain is localized in the upper abdominal cavity at or just above the waist or below the navel. It may be accompanied by bloating, rumbling, feeling of fullness in the abdomen. With prolonged diarrhea, pain may become cutting. Sudden in natural causes of Diarrhea and vomiting and occur due to uneven spasticity of the intestinal walls. Diarrhea with bloating may cause pain due to bowel overcrowding with gas. 

3.Vomiting.

Severe diarrhea caused by poisoning, viral or bacterial infections, often accompanied by nausea, passing into vomiting. This is a protective reaction of the body that helps the gastrointestinal tract to get rid of substances harmful to it. This is one of the most common symptoms of an intestinal upset due to food poisoning or infection. Vomiting leads to dehydration and loss of nutrients, resulting in a person who feels weak. If the vomiting does not stop, diarrhea does not stop and no funds from the first-aid kit help, you need to call a doctor. Causes of Diarrhea and vomiting are these which is very problematic.

4.Heat.

Causes of Diarrhea and vomiting is also the reason for temperature. Severe diarrhea caused by poisoning, a viral or bacterial infection, may be accompanied by an increase in body temperature up to 39 ° C. A possible headache for diarrhea is the causes of Diarrhea and vomiting a frequent high-temperature satellite. The consequences of these symptoms are the loss of fluid as a result of sweating, rapid pulse, so you should immediately consult a doctor.

5.Poisoning.

Every day diarrhea can occur on the background of poisoning with poisons, salts of heavy metals (at work or when they come in with poor-quality food). Household toxins (ingestion of detergents), and certain causes of Diarrhea and vomiting medications. A feature of diarrhea, in this case, is the presence of weakness. Pain in the abdomen, with severe poisoning, there may be convulsions, loss of consciousness. 

6.Infectious Diseases.

Intestinal infection is one of the most common causes of loose stools every day in an adult. Viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and fungi can lead to its development. An accurate determination of the infectious agent is possible only when conducting diagnostic tests (blood tests, feces). Causes of Diarrhea and vomiting are the major problem.

7.Chronic diseases.

Loose stools may develop every day due to chronic diseases, most often with the defeat of the gastrointestinal tract in the background:

  • Acute and chronic pancreatitis;
  • Irritable bowel syndrome;
  • Cholecystitis;
  • Gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer;
  • Crohn’s disease;
  • Digestion and absorption disorders (gluten enteropathy, lactase deficiency, etc.);
  • Chronic colitis and enterocolitis.

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